许多正在准备2016研究生考生的考生都询问都教授

  许多正在准备2016研究生考生的考生都询问都教授,考研[微博]英语在寒假中应该怎样备考呢,都教授认为,英语在寒假阶段重在基础积累,除了词汇的记忆外,固定搭配也是一大重点,能够帮助考生更好的理解段落文章主旨。下面都教授就利用真题带各位考生来看看应该重点记忆何种搭配的词汇。

  真题段落一:

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than
others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But
Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a
secientist who works independently of any institution. He helped
popularize tha idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a
bacterail cause were actually infections ,which aroused much controversy
when it was first suggested.

  Even he, however,might tremble at the thought of what he is about to
do.

  ●高频搭配

  不敢公开:Dare not speak its name

  不依附于任何机构:Work indipendently of any institution

  帮助普及该观点:Help popularize the idea

  引起了很大的争议:Arouse much controversy

  一想到……就害怕的身体颤抖:Tremble at the thought of

  与众不同,出类拔萃的人:Rare bird

  由细菌引起的:Have a bacterial cause

  ●巩固习题

  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously
thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections , which
aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

  结构提示:that some diseases 是前面 the idea 的同位语从句,not
previously thought to have a bacterial
cause做后置定语修饰前面的diseases,主干是some diseases were actually
infections.

  参考译文:他帮助普及这样一个观点,即以前认为不是由细菌引起的某些疾病实际上就是传染病,该观点第一次提出来的时候,引起了很大的争议。

  真题段落二:

  They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty
genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts , however, social
effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education. The latterwas
seen as a consequence of genetic isolation .Dr.Cochran suggests that the
inteligence and diseases are intimately linked. His argument is that the
unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique
evolutionary pressures that have reasulted in this paradoxical state of
affairs.

  ●高频搭配

  遭受一些令人难受的遗传性疾病

  以前被认为是不相关的have previously been thought unrelated

  归因于社会影响 have been put down to social effects

  高度重视教育的传统a strong tradition of valuing education

  被看做基因隔离的结果 be seen as a consequence of genetic isolation

  密切相关 be intimately linked

  使他们承受独特的进化力量have subjected them to unique evolutionary
pressures

  矛盾的状态 paradoxical state of affairs

  ●巩固习题

  Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are
intimately linked.

  参考译文:Cochran博士认为,高智商与疾病密切相关。

  希望通过这两段真题中的段落,能让考生认识到应该积累何种固定搭配,寒假是打牢根基的好时节,希望各位考生能够踏实备考。预祝大家备考顺利,取得理想佳绩!

  文章来源:文都教育

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